Occurred Biogenamins Resulting from Microbial Activities

Simge Aktop, Pınar Şanlıbaba


Biogenic amines are nitrogenous organic compounds that can be found in many foods, primarily protein-rich foods, formed by microbial decarboxylation of amino acids or by amination and transamination of aldehydes and ketones. They are formed as a result of the activities of decarboxylase positive microorganisms such as Enterococcus, Lactobacillus, Leuconostoc and Enterobacteriaceae family in foods. Histamine, tyramine, putrescine, cadaverine, tryptamine, β-phenylethylamine, spermine and spermidine are the most commonly found biogenic amines in foods. Biogenic amines show toxic effects when taken at high concentrations and can cause important health problems like symptoms of food poisoning such as hypo- and hypertension, migraine, nausea, vomiting, fever and respiratory distress. Despite the toxic effects of the biogenic amines, there is no common legislation yet on the limits of their presence in foods. Increasing interest in safe food nowadays has made it necessary to identify compounds such as biogenic amines. For this purpose, many molecular based techniques have been developed in recent years. In this review, biogenic amines resulting from microbial activities were summarized and discussed these biogenic amines found in food groups and their effect on health.


Biogenic amines; Microbial decarboxylation; Food products; Toxicity; Health

Full Text:

PDF (Türkçe)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24925/turjaf.v6i8.1035-1042.1932

 Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

ISSN: 2148-127X

Turkish JAF Sci.Tech.

Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology (TURJAF) is indexed by the following national and international scientific indexing services:





















Our Journals

Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology

International Journal of Poultry - Ornamental Birds Science and Technology

Turkish Research Journal of Academic Social Science

Turkish Research Journal of Academic Technical Science

Turkish Research Journal of Academic Health and Medical Sciences

Our congresses

International Anatolian Agriculture, Food, Environment and Biology Congress (TARGID)

International Congress of the Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology (TURJAF)

Our Youtube Channel


Our Books

Our Scientific Books

About Us

The Turkish Science and Technology Publishing (TURSTEP) is an online and open-access platform to publish recent research and articles of scholars worldwide. Founded in 2013 and based in Turkey, the TURSTEP as a platform for academics, educators, scholars, and students from Turkey and around the world, to connect with one another. The TURSTEP disseminates research that is proven or predicted to be of significant influence for the general public.


Contact Us

Please send all inquiries to the email:


Business Adress

Eğriköprü mh. Pilot Kaya İstektepe Cad. 9/1 BLOK Daire 7, 58050 Merkaz/Sivas, Turkey