An Investigate on Importance of the Major Components of Herb Essential Oils on Challenging with Fish Diseases

Azime Küçükgül


The presence of different phytochemical components of essential oil such as tannins, alkaloids, terpenoids and phenolic compounds has antibacterial, antifungal, and anti-inflammatory effects. The aim of this study is to investigate importance of the major components of three herb essential oils (Thymus vulgaris L., Centauriumerythraea Rafn. And Foeniculumvulgare Mill) on challenging with fish diseases. The components of essential oils provided from a commercial firm were made GC/MS analyzes. The major component of T. vulgarewas carvacrol called as phenol, 2-methyl-5-(1-methylethyl) with 40%.The others were Linalool L (15.11%) and benzene, methyl(1-methylethyl)- (12.12%).The richest oil in C. erythraea was bicyclo[3.1.1]hept-2-ene, 2,6,6-trimethyl- (34.90%) called as alpha-pinene, followed by heptacosane (19.15%) and dotriacontane (17.72%), respectively.The evaluation of the essential oil of F. vulgarispresented benzene, 1-methoxy-4-(1-propenyl)- with 67.99%, followed by dl-Limonene (16.03%) and benzene, 1-methoxy-4-(2-propenyl)- (6.97%). The therapeutic effects of thyme are due to its high content of phenolic compounds, particularly carvacrol. The most important compounds of F. vulgare essential oil is anethole, fenchone, limonene that has antibacterial, antioxidant, antifungal and anticancer effects. The previous studies show that alpha pinene significantly inhibits many pathogenic Gram-negative bacteria. In aquaculture studies, in vitro and in vivo effects of the dominant compounds of essential oils in our study are consistent with the previous findings.


Centauriumerythraea; Foeniculum vulgaris; Essential oil; Majorcomponents; Thymus vulgaris

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ISSN: 2148-127X

Turkish JAF Sci.Tech.

Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology (TURJAF) is indexed by the following national and international scientific indexing services: