Drying of Fig with Microwave and Hot Air Assisted Foam-Mat Drying Method

Mehmet Koç, Feyza Elmas, Emine Varhan


In this study, the drying process of fig foam was carried out with hot air (60, 70, 80°C) and microwave (100, 300, 600 W) and the effect of drying process parameters and foam thickness on drying kinetics was investigated. The drying process was carried out only falling drying rate period and no constant drying rate period was observed. The drying times of the microwave drying were lower than the drying times of hot air drying due to the volumetric heating in addition to the large evaporation area on the foam surfaces. Drying times were shortened by increasing the temperature and microwave power whereas drying time increased with increasing foam thickness. Experimental drying data were placed in semi-empirical models of the 2. Fick's diffusion equation to determine kinetic parameters. Among them, it was found that Wang and Singh and Logarithmic models were better fitted for microwave and hot air drying respectively. The effective diffusion coefficient values for microwave and hot air drying varied between 9.94×10-10-405.69×10-10, 13.26×10-10-26.65×10-10 m2·s-1, respectively. Effective diffusion coefficient values increased with increasing temperature, microwave power and foam thickness. High thickness supported the diffusion process by convection of heat due to the increase in gaps in the structure. Activation energy which calculated with Arrhenius equation was varied from 2.195-2.379 W·g-1 for microwave drying and 12.952-21.426 kJ·mol-1 for hot air drying.


Fig; Foam drying; Hot air drying; Microwave drying; Drying kinetics; Modelling

Full Text:

PDF (Türkçe)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24925/turjaf.v7i2.291-300.2272

 Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

ISSN: 2148-127X

Turkish JAF Sci.Tech.

Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology (TURJAF) is indexed by the following national and international scientific indexing services:





















Our Journals

Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology

International Journal of Poultry - Ornamental Birds Science and Technology

Turkish Research Journal of Academic Social Science

Turkish Research Journal of Academic Technical Science

Turkish Research Journal of Academic Health and Medical Sciences

Our congresses

International Anatolian Agriculture, Food, Environment and Biology Congress (TARGID)

International Congress of the Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology (TURJAF)

Our Youtube Channel


Our Books

Our Scientific Books

About Us

The Turkish Science and Technology Publishing (TURSTEP) is an online and open-access platform to publish recent research and articles of scholars worldwide. Founded in 2013 and based in Turkey, the TURSTEP as a platform for academics, educators, scholars, and students from Turkey and around the world, to connect with one another. The TURSTEP disseminates research that is proven or predicted to be of significant influence for the general public.


Contact Us

Please send all inquiries to the email:


Business Adress

Eğriköprü mh. Pilot Kaya İstektepe Cad. 9/1 BLOK Daire 7, 58050 Merkaz/Sivas, Turkey