Effects of Foliar Urea, Potassium and Zinc Sulphate Treatments Before and After Flowering on GlutoPeak, Some Protein Quality and Farinograph Properties of Wheat
Keywords:Nitrogen, Sulphur, Zinc, Dough rheology, Wheat
AbstractNitrogen and sulphur application has a significant effect on the quality and quantity of storage proteins of wheat which affect the bread making process. In this study, effect of foliar applications of urea, potassium sulphate (K2SO4) and zinc sulphate heptahydrate (ZnSO4.7H2O), under field conditions at vegetative and generative periods of wheat, were investigated for their effects on protein quality (SDS sedimentation and STK-Lactic Acid values), Glutopic parameters [(PMT (s)), BM (BE), BEM (BE) and PM (BE)] and dough rheological properties [stability (min), degree of softening (BU)] of wheat. Experiments were conducted in two trial groups. In the first trial, foliar treatments of 0% (Control); 0,5% Urea; 1% Urea; 0,5% ZnSO4.7H2O; 0,5% Urea+0,5% ZnSO4.7H2O; 1% Urea+0,5% ZnSO4.7H2O; 0,5% K2SO4 and 1% K2SO4; in the second trial, 0%; 0,5% Urea+0,5% K2SO4; 0,5% Urea+1% K2SO4;1% Urea+0,5% K2SO4; 1% Urea+1% K2SO4 were performed. As a result, in the first trial, 0,5% Urea, 1% Urea+0,5% ZnSO4 and 0,5% K2SO4; in the second trial, 1% Urea+0,5% K2SO4 were found the most prominent applications. According to the obtained results, the effect of urea, potassium sulphate and zinc sulphate applications on protein quality, gluten rheology and dough rheology was found to be significant.
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