Evaluation of Physical Properties of Microencapsulated Olive Stone Antioxidants and Kinetic Modelling of Their Storage Stability
Keywords:Kinetic modelling, Microencapsulation, Polyphenol, Bulk properties, Olive stone
AbstractThe aim of this study was to determine the water activity, color, particle properties, bulk properties and reconstitution properties of microencapsules obtained from olive stone antioxidants, and to investigate the changes in polyphenol and antioxidant contents by kinetics modeling after storage of microcapsules in three different temperatures as -20Â°C, 4Â°C and 25Â°C for 6 months. It was observed that the microcapsules had a water activity value of 0.43, a bright light yellow color with low redness and inhomogeneous hollow particles. It was determined that they had hygroscopic (32.47%) and high caking properties (61.32%), their wettability (52 min) and dispersibility (34.44%) were low and they exhibited suitable bulk (0.26 g/cm3) and tapped density (0.33 g/cm3) values. The flowability (CI: 22.65) and cohesiveness (HR: 1.29) behaviors of the microcapsules were acceptable. In addition, it was found that the changes in polyphenol and antioxidant contents (except surface polyphenol content and microencapsulation efficiency) during storage were best explained by first-order kinetic model. Kinetic coefficients (reaction rate constant (k), half time (t1/2) and Q10 value) of all compounds examined at each storage temperature were calculated. Preservation of polyphenol and antioxidant contents of microcapsules during storage was found to be best at 4ÂºC and worst at -20Â°C. It is thought that microcapsules obtained from olive stone antioxidants are especially suitable for use in order to increase the functionality and extend the shelf life of the foods stored at 4Â°C.
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