Feminization of Agriculture in Nepal and its implications: Addressing Gender in Workload and Decision Making





Agricultural Feminization, Food security, Out-migration, SDG5, Women's drudgery


The study assesses the two approaches of feminization: labor and managerial, and explores the implication of feminization in agricultural production in Gorkha and Chitwan district of Nepal. We examine the degree to which men, women or men and women jointly make agriculture-related decisions, and discuss the labor feminization and managerial feminization using five domains of the Women Empowerment in Agriculture Index (WEAI), relative to the degree to which women‘s decision-making power relates to the feminization of agriculture leading to women empowerment and food security. The results revealed that the average workload for women (86.50 hours/week) was more than that for men (55.52 hours/week). Workload was found significantly affected by the total cultivated area (ha), gender of household head, occupation, number of livestock holdings, number of children, number of elders and household location.All aspects of operational and strategic decision making were dominated by jointly made decisions, except in the case of income utilization where female showed dominance. The implication of feminization in agriculture is reflected by reduction in cropping cycle, lower productivity of cereals and vegetables which led to food insecurity by own production. The income from remittance was observed to be mainly used for consumption purposes to ensure food security. It appears that the feminization of agriculture leads to women playing not only important role in decision-making but also more responsibilities and heavier workloads without necessarily resulting in empowerment and improvement in well-being.




How to Cite

Lamichhane, B., Thapa, R., Dhakal, S. C., Devkota, D., & Kattel, R. R. (2022). Feminization of Agriculture in Nepal and its implications: Addressing Gender in Workload and Decision Making. Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology, 10(12), 2484–2494. https://doi.org/10.24925/turjaf.v10i12.2484-2494.5486



Research Paper

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