A Research on Determination of the Morphological and Agronomical Characteristics of Local Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Genotypes Under the Organic Farming System in Bayburt

Ümit Girgel, Alihan Çokkızgın, Mustafa Çölkesen

Abstract


This study was carried out Bayburt University Food and Agriculture and Livestock Application and Research Centre in 2016 growing season to determine the morphological and agronomical characteristics of local genotypes of beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) under the organic farming conditions. In the study, 13 local bean genotypes and 3 registered varieties (Önceler-98, Horoz and Dermason) were used. The experiment was carried out to the randomized complete block design with three replications. By using cow manure, the area was fertilized with 10 tons per decares. In the study, plant height 32.1-44.3 cm, first pod height 6.7-11.1 cm, plant stem diameter 5.6-8.4 cm, pod length 85.9-120.7 mm, pod width 12.5-15.4 mm, the number of seeds per plant varied between 10.0-24.1 number/plant, the number of seed per pod 3.5-5.5 number/beans, the weight of 1000 seed 393.7-545.5 g and the yield varied between 128.3-194.3 kg/da was found. The highest yield was obtained from the dermason bean variety. Also the yield and locality adaptation of the Önceler-98 variety and Aydintepe genotype have highest adaptation capacity. As a result, it is considered useful to use some of the examined local genotypes as a genitor in breeding studies, which is suitable to evaluate some morphological characteristics and yield.

Keywords


Phaseolus vulgaris L.; Genotype; Yield ;Yield components; Organic farming

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24925/turjaf.v5i13.%25p.1630

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ISSN: 2148-127X

Turkish JAF Sci.Tech.

Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology (TURJAF) is indexed in: