Planning Conditions of Milking Parlours Under a Separate Roof from The Milking Cow Barns: A Simple Milking Parlour Project
Keywords:Dairy cattle, Milking parlour, Milk quality, Agricultural structure, Hygiene
AbstractMilking parlours are concrete constructions where milk is milked from cows, stored and transferred. These create the last stage of the work flow chart in dairy cattle farms. Quality of milk is important in the production of milk and dairy products owing to the fact that milk is one of the basic food requirements of people. The quality of milk depends on the genetic conditions of the cows as well as their well-being, the appropriate level of care and environmental conditions and milk being obtained in a clean environment which isolated from negative external factors. Milking parlours should be planned under a separate roof from the dairy cattle barns in order to ensure hygiene conditions, facilitate the work flow and reduce the negative effects on the health of cows and people. However, not including very large enterprises, it is planned as an add-on to other items under the same roof with the dairy cattle barn due to reasons such as decreasing the cost in the small, medium and majority of large-scale enterprises and the society does not care about hygiene conditions. Production in this wise is not appropriate to ensure the requirements about hygiene conditions in the production of milk and dairy products, since the milking parlours are directly under the environmental conditions of the barn. In this paper, it is explained the criteria to be considered in the process to plan and design milking parlour and it is aimed the generalization of milking parlour be built as a construction separate from the dairy barn, with an exemplary milking parlour project with 2×12 fishbone milking system.
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