Factors Affecting Colony Losses in Honey Bees (Apis mellifera)





Honey bee, Probiotic, Prebiotics, Vitellogen, Bibliometric analysis


Honey bees are a very important species in terms of economy, agriculture, and environment. In recent years, there has been a significant reduction in honey bee colonies in some parts of the world. Honeybee losses are not an unusual event, but there has been a significant reduction in honey bee colonies in many countries around the world. Due to the different social behaviors of honey bees, it is difficult to identify the main factors causing colony losses. According to the latest research, colony losses are mainly caused by parasites, diseases, bee keeping practices, and bee management including reproduction, changes in climatic conditions, agricultural practices and pesticide use, pesticides, nutrition, and beekeeping practices. In this review, the structure of prebiotic, probiotic, climate change, and vitollegen, which causes colony losses, is emphasized, and the potential solutions of these factors that will shed light on colony losses in honey bees from a different point of view are emphasized. In addition, bibliometric analysis was performed using the SCOPUS database to emphasize the importance of probiotic microorganisms and vitellogen.



How to Cite

Yücel, H., Ekinci, K., Karaman, A., Yaninar, H., & Koca Karaman, H. (2022). Factors Affecting Colony Losses in Honey Bees (Apis mellifera). Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology, 10(9), 1662–1670. https://doi.org/10.24925/turjaf.v10i9.1662-1670.5221



Review Articles