Effects of Land uses on Soils Quality in Rwandan Central Plateau Agro-Ecological Zone





Key words, land use, soil quality, agro-ecological zone, Rwanda


Conversion of land use from forest to agricultural uses modifies soil quality through physiochemical soil properties changes. This study was conducted in Rwanda’s central plateau agro-ecological zone to evaluate the effect of forest and agricultural land uses on soil quality. The study was conducted in 2020. Soil samples were collected at the top, middle and bottom positions of each of the two land uses. We analyzed soil bulk density, soil moisture content, soil pH, soil organic matter (SOM), total nitrogen (TN), available phosphorus (Av P), and CEC for each position of the land uses. Data were analyzed using ANOVA in GENSTAT version 13. The results revealed that soil properties were significantly affected by land use change. Analysis of variances (LSD<0.05) results showed, however, that treatments were not significantly different within the same land use. The results showed that treatments from top position of forest lands had the highest mean values for soil organic matter and total N parameters with the respective mean values of 6.58 %, and 0.37 %. Treatments from middle position of forest lands had the highest mean values for soil moisture content and Av P parameters respectively with 23.60 % and 29.56 ppm. But, soil bulk density was high on top position of agricultural land with a mean value of 1.49 g/cm3. Land users are advised to apply crop and soil management techniques which maintain soil quality and productivity on agricultural lands.


Author Biography

Yannick Karimba, Agriculture and Forestry

Department Of Forestry and Nature Conservation, School of Forestry, Biodiversity and Conservation, College of Agriculture, Animal Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, University of Rwanda, Huye Campus. P.O. Box 117, Huye, Rwanda


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How to Cite

Karimba, Y., & Mugunga, C. P. (2024). Effects of Land uses on Soils Quality in Rwandan Central Plateau Agro-Ecological Zone . Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology, 12(4), 516–520. https://doi.org/10.24925/turjaf.v12i4.516-520.6006



Research Paper