Histomorphological Study on the Pyloric Caeca and Intestine of Black Sea Trout (Salmo labrax Pallas, 1814)
Keywords:Salmo labrax, Midgut, Histomorphology, Villi, Muscularis
AbstractThis study was conducted to determine about the histomorphology of anterior, middle and posterior intestines and pyloric caeca of fifth-generation Black Sea trout (Salmo labrax Pallas, 1814). The adult Black Sea trout were 29 month age and averagely weighted 1106.9±73.88g. Pyloric caeca and intestine tissue of twenty fish were taken in seawater. Intestine was divided into three sections: anterior, middle and posterior. Pyloric caeca and intestine had four layers from the inside to outside: mucosa, submucosa, muscularis and serosa. Muscularis was gradually decreased from the beginning of the anterior intestine to the end of the posterior intestine. While pyloric caeca had the lowest muscularis, anterior intestine had the highest muscularis. The highest villi length was obtained in middle 1, and also posterior intestine had two types of villi as simple and complex villi. Simple villi had lower villi length and fewer villi number. Complex villi, branched out along the intestine, contained a large of simple villi. As a result, the histomorphological structure of the midgut section of the adult Black Sea trout shown an alteration section by section.
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