The Relationship Between Vitamin B12 and Telomere Length: A Systematic Review

Vitamin B12 and Telomere Length


  • Zeyneb Yıldırım Ankara Medipol Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Beslenme ve Diyetetik Bölümü. Hacı Bayram Mahallesi, Talatpaşa Bulvarı No:4, Altındağ/Ankara
  • Emine Merve Ekici Sağlık Bilimleri Üniversitesi, Gülhane Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Beslenme ve Diyetetik Bölümü. Emrah, Gata No:91, 06010 Keçiören/Ankara



Vitamin B12, telomere length, methylation, inflammation, mortality


Telomeres are natural nucleoprotein structures that cover the ends of chromosomes. The phenomenon of telomere shortening, which plays a crucial role in maintaining the stability of the genome, occurs gradually over time when cells undergo division due to the end replication issue. Multiple studies have demonstrated a correlation between telomere shortening and a range of illnesses, including diabetes, dyslipidemia, cardiovascular disease, cancer, and mortality. Diet and lifestyle can affect telomere length. There exists a beneficial association between telomere length and the Mediterranean diet, particularly with regards to the consumption of dietary fiber derived from whole grains and vegetables. Micronutrients such as vitamins and trace elements also play a role in cell metabolism.  Some micronutrients, such as vitamin D, folate, and vitamin B12, are associated with telomere biology and cellular aging. Vitamin B12 is essential for DNA synthesis and epigenetic methylation processes. The present systematic review examines the results from clinical trials conducted in humans evaluating the role of vitamin B12 on telomere length. Cellular senescence is a state characterized by inflammation, altered cellular metabolism, genomic instability, and telomere dysfunction, which can be induced by changes in methylation patterns and oxidative stress. Vitamin B12 maintains antioxidative defense. Through these pathways, sufficient amounts of vitamin B12 may potentially play a role in the restoration of DNA damage. Most of the evidence is based on very few randomized clinical trials. Therefore, more extensive prospective cohort studies and better-designed randomized clinical trials are required to validate the correlations outlined in this review.

Author Biography

Emine Merve Ekici, Sağlık Bilimleri Üniversitesi, Gülhane Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Beslenme ve Diyetetik Bölümü. Emrah, Gata No:91, 06010 Keçiören/Ankara

Dr. Öğr. Üyesi

Sağlık Bilimleri Üniversitesi, Gülhane Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Beslenme ve Diyetetik Bölümü. 


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How to Cite

Yıldırım, Z., & Ekici, E. M. (2023). The Relationship Between Vitamin B12 and Telomere Length: A Systematic Review : Vitamin B12 and Telomere Length. Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology, 11(12), 2485–2492.



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