Comparative Analysis of 1,9-Dimethyl-Methylene Blue and Toluidine Blue Interactions with ct-DNA, G-Quadruplex DNA, and ssDNA




1,9-Dimethyl-Methylene Blue, Toluidine Blue, c-MYC, ct-DNA, ssDNA


This study presents a comprehensive investigation into the interactions of two distinct synthetic dyes—1,9-Dimethyl-Methylene Blue and Toluidine Blue —with different DNA structures, namely calf thymus DNA (ct-DNA), G-quadruplex DNA, and single stranded DNA (ssDNA). The objective of this research is to elucidate the molecular affinities of these dyes for specific DNA structures and explore their potential applications in molecular biology and diagnostics. The experimental approach involved detailed UV-visible spectroscopic analyses, to probe the binding affinities of each dye with ct-DNA, G-quadruplex DNA, and ssDNA. The study aimed to assess the selectivity of these dyes towards the unique structural features of each DNA entity. The binding stoichiometry is defined from Job’s method. The selectivity of the dyes towards DNA also investigated with competitive dialysis experiments. The binding stoichiometry were 1:1 for 1,9-Dimethyl-Methylene Blue and Toluidine Blue and G-quadruplex DNA or ssDNA. Besides, results indicate that 1,9-Dimethyl-Methylene Blue and Toluidine Blue exhibit a pronounced affinity for G-quadruplex DNA, and ct-DNA. While single-stranded DNA is a fundamental component of DNA replication and transcription, our dyes exhibit lower affinity for this structure. The selectivity is advantageous, as it allows for the discrimination between single-stranded and structured DNA regions. The potential applications in studying DNA dynamics and unwinding processes are vast.


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How to Cite

Bağda, E., & Duman, D. (2024). Comparative Analysis of 1,9-Dimethyl-Methylene Blue and Toluidine Blue Interactions with ct-DNA, G-Quadruplex DNA, and ssDNA. Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology, 12(4), 601–607.



Research Paper